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What are Millets? Types of millets - and its health benefits

What are millets?



Millets are small-seeded grasses that are hardy and grow well in dry zones as rain-fed crops, under marginal conditions of soil fertility and moisture. Millets are one of the oldest foods known to humans and possibly the first cereal grain to be used for domestic purposes.


Each millets are three to five times nutritionally superior to rice and wheat in terms of proteins, minerals and vitamins. Millets are rich in B vitamins, calcium, iron, potassium, magnesium, zinc, also gluten-free and has low-GI (Glycemic index) thus millets are suitable for people allergies/intolerance of wheat. Also for diabetic, weight loss millets are excellent.


Millets are also unique due to their short growing season. They can develop from planted seeds to mature, ready to harvest plants in as little as 65 days. This is important in heavily populated areas. When properly stored, whole millets will keep for two or more years.


For thousands of years, millets has been growing such as Pearl millet, Barnyard millet, Sorghum, Foxtail millet, Little millet, Kodo millet, Proso millet and now ANI (Millet Network of India) promotes millets as Nutri-cereals instead of Coarse Cereals. Here some interesting facts about millets other than that they are gluten-free, highly nutritious, millets need very little water for their production, short growing period under dry, high temperature conditions and that's why in India, Africa, Asia millets are more popular. Millets also required rich soils for growth, no millet attracts any pest hence they have no or low fertilizer usage and pest-free. We did lot of research to write more about these millets, main sources are from google, wiki.

What kinds of millets are available?






Millets Types and Name in Different Languages




English Pearl Millet Finger Millet Foxtail Millet Kodo Millet Little Millet Barnyard Millet Sorghum
Hindi Bajra Nachani, Mundua, Mandika, Marwah Kangni,
Kakum,
Rala
Koden,
Kodra
Kutki,
Shavan
Jhangora,
Sanwa
Jowar
Tamil Kambu Kezhvaragu,
Kelvaragu,
Keppai,
Ragi
Thinai Varagu Saamai Kuthiravali (Kuthiraivolly) Cholam
Telugu Sajjalu Ragula,
Ragi Chodi
Korra Arikelu,
Arika
Sama,
Samalu
Udalu, Kodisama Jonna
Kannada Sajje Ragi Navane Harka Saame,
Save
Oodalu Jola
Malayalam Kambam Panji Pullu Thina Koovaragu Chama Kavadapullu Cholam
Marathi Bajri Nagli,
Nachni
Kang,
Rala
Kodra Sava,
Halvi,
Vari
- Jowari,
Jondhala
Punjabi Bajra Mandhuka,
Mandhal
Kangni Kodra Swank Swank Jowar
Gujarati Bajri Nagli,
Bavto
Kang Kodra Gajro,
Kuri
- Jowari,
Juar
Bengali Bajra Marwa Kaon Kodo Sama Shyama Jowar
Oriya Bajra Mandia Kanghu,
Kangam,
Kora
Kodua Suan Khira Juara

Millets Benefits


Millets are rich in B vitamins, calcium, iron, potassium, magnesium, zinc, also gluten-free
Helps to lower type 2 diabetic and reduces the risk of heart disease. Millets are a great source of starch, making it a high-energy food. It is also an excellent source of protein and fiber.
Millets are mostly pest-free and low fertilizer used in growth (widely comes in Organic form)
Millets are particularly high in minerals like iron, magnesium, phosphorous and potassium. Finger millet (Ragi) is the richest in calcium content, about 10 times that of rice or wheat.

Millets Recipes


Millets can be cooked as we make rice and serve with dal, sambar, rasam or any curry of our choice. We can also make various dosa, idli, upma, pongal, pulao, sweets from millets, they can also be use in baking. I will post few millets recipe regularly so we can include millets in our diet in more exciting way.


Millets Nutrition Facts per 100gms



Crop / Nutrient
Protein(g)
Fat (g)
Fiber(g)
Minerals(g)
Iron(mg)
Calcium(mg)
Calories (kcal)
Pearl Millet
10.6
4.8
1.3
2.3
16.9
38
378
Finger Millet
7.3
1.5
3.6
2.7
3.9
344
336
Foxtail Millet
12.3
4
8
3.3
2.8
31
473
Kodo Millet
8.3
3.6
9
2.6
0.5
27
309
Little Millet
7.7
5.2
7.6
1.5
9.3
17
207
Barnyard Millet
11.2
3.9
10.1
4.4
15.2
11
342
Sorghum
10.4
3.1
2
1.6
5.4
25
329
Proso Millet
12.5
2.9
2.2
1.9
0.8
14
356
Rice
6.8
2.7
0.2
0.6
0.7
10
362
Wheat
11.8
2
1.2
1.5
5.3
41
348



Pearl Millet



Pearl millet is the most widely grown type of millet and India is largest producer of pearl millet. Pearl millet is a rich source of phosphorus, which plays an important part in the structure of body cells. Consumption of pearl millets helps in minimizing the risk of type 2 diabetes. Being a good source of magnesium, millets act as a co factor in a number of enzymatic reactions.


Finger Millet



Also known as African finger millet, red millet, ragi and very popular millet specially in Southern India. It is rich in calcium and protein and also have good amount of iron and other minerals. Ragi tops in antioxidant activity among common Indian foods, Ragi also has some good number of Essential Amino Acids (EAA) which are essential for human body.


Kodo Millet



Kodo millets contain high amounts of polyphenols, an antioxidant compound, they also has high on fibre, low on fat. Kodo millet inhibited glycation and cross-linking of collagen. Kodo millets are good for diabetes.


Little Millet



Little Millets seeds are smaller than other millets, like foxtail millet, little millet also high in Iron content, high in fibre like Kodo and has high antioxidant activity. It helps in diabetes and diseases related stomach.

Barnyard Millet


Barnyard millets are high in fibre content, phosphorous and calcium. Barnyard has low glycemic index and thus helps in type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease with regular intake of this millet. 

Sorghum Millet



Sorghum is another one of the ancient cereal grain, and grown mostly for their fodder value. Sorghum has high nutritional value, with high levels of unsaturated fats, protein, fiber, and minerals like phosphorus, potassium, calcium, and iron. It's also high in calories and macronutrients, jowar has more antioxidants than blueberries and pomegranates. Sorghum helps to improve metabolism.

We supply the following products on millets:

Types of Millet flakes:
1. Kodo Millet Flakes
2. Little Millet Flakes
3. Sorghum Millet Flakes
4. Ragi Millet Flakes
5. Pearl Millet Flakes
6. Wheat Flakes
7. Red Rice Flakes

Types of Millets: 
1. Barnyard Millets
2. Kodo Millets
3. Little Millets
4. Foxtail Millets
5. Proso Millets
6. Brown Top Millets

Types of Millets Rava:
1. Barnyard Millet Rava
2. Kodo Millet Rava
3. Little Millet Rava
4. Foxtail Millet Rava
5. Proso  Millet Rava

Types of Millet Flour
1. Barnyard Millet Flour
2. Kodo Millet Flour
3. Little Millet Flour
4. Foxtail Millet Flour
5. Proso Millet Flour

Types of Millet Vermicelli or Semiya
1. Ragi Millet Vermicelli
2. Little Millet Vermicelli
3. Kodo Millet Vermicelli
4. Foxtail Millet Vermicelli
5. Horsegram Vermicelli

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